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Authority is integral to the concept of agency. Yet, it is not always easily identified and can give rise to complex legal issues.

This On Demand webinar explores authority in its various guises and consider some of the practical problems that may arise, including the formalities involved, the effect of the agent’s dishonesty, and the effect of termination of the agency agreement. 

Learning outcomes

  • Learn more about what constitutes actual authority, the onus of proof and evidential issues associated with this, issues arising from undisclosed and unidentified principals and authority to act illegally.
  • Understand better those situations where apparent authority applies, establishing an adequate representation of the principal in such situations, whether agents can ever self-authorise and reliance on hold out.
  • Gain insights into the question of constructive authority, the exceptions that exist to the need to show actual or apparent authority, as well as some of the (doubtful) precedents that exist.

Who should view?

All lawyers involved in commercial transactions, litigators and general practitioners who deal with issues of agency from time to time.

Order timeframe

Access details will be delivered via email within 15 minutes.


Peter Watts QC

Peter Watts QC is currently a fulltime member of Bankside Chambers in Auckland, where he practises in company and commercial law.

He is also a door tenant at Fountain Court Chambers, The Temple, London. He is a Visiting Professor at the University of Oxford, and the General Editor of Bowstead & Reynolds on Agency (21st ed, 2017).